Forestry and Wood Products

Ohio’s forest and wood products industry contributes more than $24 billion annually to the statewide economy and, in 2014, employed 116,321 full- and part-time workers .  The supply chain that creates this robust economy begins with standing timber.  Once cut, the wood starts a global journey of transformation becoming thousands of products made by domestic and international manufacturers.

The Forest Base is over 8 million acres, 31 percent of Ohio’s land surface.  Hardwoods make up 96 percent of Ohio forests; oak and hickory are the predominant species followed by maple, beech and birch.   All state forests are FSC certified through 2020 as are many private timberlands.

Wood Products encompass are wide variety of sectors including pulp and paper, logging, sawmills and millwork and architectural products (kitchen cabinets and counters, shelving, flooring, windows and doors, and burial casket manufacturing).

The largest remaining hardwood furniture manufacturing sector in the United States; Amish businesses in the Appalachian region represent a significant part of this sector.  Ohio harvests 300-400 million board feet of wood each year and grows one billion board feet annually.

Ohio wood industry economic impact information was developed for the Appalachian Partnership for Economic Growth by the Ohio University, Voinovich School of Leadership and Public Affairs with support from the U.S. Small Business Administration Regional Innovation Cluster initiative.

Appalachian Ohio’s forest and wood products are a $5.23 billion industry.

The forests of Southern Ohio produce hardwoods which are highly valued around the world. In the eastern counties of the state primarily Amish furniture making companies represent one of the largest remaining hardwood furniture manufacturing sectors in the nation.